Tshuaj rau cov poj niam cev xeeb tub: uas yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws?

repelentes para gravidas

Nrog kev nce tus mob dengue hauv lub tebchaws thiab nrog rau kev nce tus kabmob Zika ntau ntxiv, kev txhawj xeeb nrog kev tiv thaiv yoov tshaj cum hauv pojniam cev xeeb tub thiab menyuam yaus tau loj hlob.

Txawm li cas los xij, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom paub yuav ua li cas kom raug xaiv hom tshuaj tua kab uas tuaj yeem siv rau hauv cov xwm txheej no kom tsis txhob muaj teeb meem kev noj qab haus huv yav tom ntej. Saib, hauv kab lus no, uas yog cov tshuaj tua kab zoo tshaj rau cov poj niam cev xeeb tub thiab yuav xaiv cov khoom zoo li cas.

Dab tsi yog cov tshuaj tua kab mob zoo tshaj rau cov poj niam cev xeeb tub?

Raws li cov ntaub ntawv los ntawm Lub Tsev Haujlwm Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv, cov khoom lag luam zoo tshaj plaws los tiv thaiv thiab kom tsis txhob yoov tshaj cum Aedes aegypti (uas yog tus kis ntawm peb tus kab mob: dengue, Zika thiab chicungunha) yog cov tsim los ntawm ib qho ntawm cov tshuaj hauv qab no: icaridin, IR3535 (ethyl butylacetylaminopropionate) thiab DEET (diethyltoluamide).

Nrog rau tam sim no muaj tus mob microcephaly tshwm sim los ntawm Zika tus kab mob, kev muag tshuaj rau cov poj niam cev xeeb tub uas txhawj xeeb txog kev tiv thaiv tus kab mob tau nce ntau. Txawm li cas los xij, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom paub tias kev xaiv tshuaj tua kab mob zoo rau cov poj niam cev xeeb tub thiab menyuam yaus yuav tsum coj mus rau hauv tus account ntau yam yam tsis zoo.

Nws ib txwm tsim nyog hais tias cov ntaub ntawv ntawm no tsuas yog qhia meej thiab txhua tus poj niam cev xeeb tub yuav tsum nrhiav kev qhia ntawm kws kho mob tshwj xeeb ua ntej yuav siv cov tshuaj tua kab.

Saib hauv qab no rau cov lus qhia yuav ua li cas xaiv cov tshuaj tua kab zoo tshaj rau cov poj niam cev xeeb tub hauv khw:

Nyiam siv cov tshuaj pleev tshuaj:

Ntau qhov kev tshawb fawb thiab tshawb fawb uas tau ua hauv tib neeg thaum lub sijhawm thib ob thiab thib peb ntawm cev xeeb tub tau qhia tias kev siv DEET-based tshuaj pleev tshuaj los ntawm cov poj niam cev xeeb tub tsis muaj kev pheej hmoo. Cov paub zoo tshaj plaws ntawm DEET cov tshuaj tua kab yog OFF, Autan thiab Repelex.

Qhov siab ntawm cov tshuaj no hauv cov khoom xaiv yuav tsum nyob nruab nrab ntawm 10% thiab 50%, vim tias los ntawm tus nqi no, muaj kev tshawb fawb uas qhia tias DEET yuav ua rau muaj kev hloov pauv hauv kev txhim kho paj hlwb ntawm tus menyuam hauv plab.

Hauv tebchaws Brazil, ANVISA (Lub Chaw Saib Xyuas Kev Noj Qab Haus Huv Hauv Tebchaws) tso cai muag cov tshuaj tua kab nrog qhov siab tshaj ntawm DEET ntawm 15%, ua kom muaj kev noj qab haus huv ntawm cov neeg siv khoom.

Xaiv cov tshuaj tua kab nrog lub sijhawm ua haujlwm ntev dua:

Ib qho ntawm qhov sib txawv tseem ceeb ntawm cov tshuaj tua kab thiab cov uas suav tias yog ntuj yog lub sijhawm ua thiab tiv thaiv yoov tshaj cum. DEET-raws cov tshuaj tua kab, piv txwv li, kwv yees li 6 teev ntawm kev tiv thaiv, thaum qee cov tshuaj tiv thaiv ntuj tiv thaiv li 20 txog 30 feeb feem ntau.

Icaridin-based cov tshuaj tua kab yog qhov zoo tshaj plaws thaum nws los txog rau lub sijhawm ua, nqa ib ncig 10 teev ntawm kev tiv thaiv yoov tshaj cum, ntxiv rau qhov muaj qhov ntsuas qis, nruab nrab ntawm 20% thiab 25%, zoo ib yam li Exposis hom.

Hauv kev tiv thaiv tus kab mob Zika, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom nrhiav kev tiv thaiv txaus rau niam thiab menyuam, yog li ntawd, xaiv cov tshuaj tua kab uas muaj txiaj ntsig zoo dua ntawm kev tiv thaiv.

Ib qho ntxiv, nws tseem ceeb heev uas yuav tsum ua raws tus kws kho mob cov lus qhia, yog li koj tuaj yeem ntseeg tau ntawm cov khoom siv!

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